Friday, 22 July 2016

Equestrian Statue at Newby Hall. Formerly in Cornhill and the Stocks Market in London.

Equestrian Statue at Newby Hall.
The statue was made in Italy and originally represented John Sobieski, King of Poland, trampling a Turk.
It commemorated his victory in Vienna.  The statue was bought in 1672 by Sir Robert Vyner (the goldsmith responsible for Charles II's Coronation regalia) who brought it to the Stocks Market, London at the Restoration.  Sir Robert had the head refashioned to represent Charles II and the lower figure represented Oliver Cromwell. 
In 1739 the site was taken for the construction of the Mansion House and the statue was removed to an inn yard, then to the Vyner estate in Lincolnshire.  Lady Mary Robinson of Newby married Henry Vyner and inherited Newby Hall in 1859.  The statue was brought to Newby Park in 1883.
 Equestrian statue of Charles II wearing armour and sash, with man under foot. Engraving
Anonymous engraving/
1680 -1714
234 x 259 cms
This is the bottom half of a plate, originally with representation of the statue of Charles I at Charing Cross above. The complete plate can be found in the fourth volume of the BM's 1724 edition of 'Britannia Illustrata', published by Joseph Smith.
British Museum


View of the north front of the market, with the equestrian statue of Charles II trampling on Oliver Cromwell in the centre, the market in full flow with figures trading in foreground and beyond statue, a carriage parked on the right.  1753  Etching and engraving
The Stocks Market
Engraving by Henry Fletcher after J Nichols

Lettered below image with title in English and in French, and with production details: "Jos Nichols Delin / H. Fletcher Sculp / Publish'd according to Act of Parliament 1753, & Sold by J. Boydell at the Unicorn the Corner of Queen Street Cheapside London".
View of the large equestrian statue of Charles II trampling on the body of Oliver Cromwell, on a high plinth surrounding by iron rialings, the Stocks Market beyond and to the right.  1724  Etching and engraving

Anon. Engraving.
163 x 235 mm
View of the west front of the Stocks Market, with the equestrian statue on a tall plinth surrounded by iron railings, a man depicted under the foot of the horse; to the right the square filled with people buying and selling goods.  c.1720  Etching and engraving
Etching and Engraving by Sutton Nichols c. 1720.
 View in Charing Cross showing the equestrian statue of Charles I on a large raised pedestal, with iron railings around the bottom and a circular base, bollards surround base leaving a gap of a few metres creating a pathway around statue; sedan chairs stand within bollards, coaches travel around statue on the street, the entrance to the Mews on the right. c.1725  Etching and engraving
 Charles I
Charing Cross
Engraving by Sutton Nichols
"London Sold by Iohn Bowles Print and Map Seller over against Stocks Market", and below at right "Sutton Nicholls delin et sculp".
British Museum.
The Old Stocks Market, Cornhill. 
Joseph van Aken
99 x 123 cms
Bank of England Collection

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